At y = 150, the time-independent source produces a wave peak that is 1.3 m lower than for the time-dependent source, but the two wave peaks are in similar locations (Fig. webinars, past event materials. 2008,see Appendix A2). Recent modelling advances permit evaluation of the influence of 3-D earthquake dynamics on tsunami genesis, propagation, and coastal inundation. Education & Public Outreach (EPO). 2017). The sides of the earthquake physical model are 1600 km and it extends to 500 km depth (Fig. (2019b) and Ulrich et al. sam(oa)2-flash has been validated against a suite of benchmarks (Synolakis et al. 2005) in which shear traction decreases from its static to its dynamic value just behind the earthquake rupture front (see Appendix  B). Don't auto play. (2018), assessing the worst local resolution achieved, we determine the following expected maximum errors for the results with this mesh: 0.09 per cent for the rupture arrival, 7.6 per cent for the peak slip rate, and 0.8 per cent for the final slip magnitude. The Aleutian tsunamis generated by megathrust earthquakes in 1946 and 1957 had devastating consequences to coastal communities around the Pacific Ocean. $$\begin{eqnarray} So, coastal inundation occurs over a shorter time. Along the subduction model fault, the average dip is 14.8°, the minimum dip is 2.3°, and the maximum dip is 34.4°. \sigma ^{\prime }_{\rm II} = C + \mu ^{sc} \Big [1-(P_f/P)\Big ] P . Maeda et al. \epsilon = h_{\rm max} / \lt s\gt , The tsunami physical model includes a flat seafloor and a linearly sloping beach (Fig. For example, realistic representations of complex topography and bathymetry are permissible in both the earthquake and tsunami computational models, which may be critical not only for inundation modelling, but also for modelling tsunami genesis and propagation in deep water (e.g. Results from the subduction-initialized dynamic earthquake rupture in Scenario C at t = 230 s: (a) accumulated slip on the fault, (b) oblique view of the vertical surface displacements and (c) map view of the vertical surface displacements. (2011). Clawpack, Mandli et al. United states geological survey, m 8.4 - near the coast of southern sumatra, The seismic cycle at subduction thrusts: 2. The average and maximum accumulated slip for the modelled earthquake (42.2 and 95.6 m, respectively) are at or above the upper limit of what is observed in smoothed slip inversions for the 2011 Tohoku earthquake (Sun et al. The M9 Cascadia Megathrust Earthquake of January 26, 1700. propagation in the near-field of great megathrust earthquakes using a series of numerical simulations of subduction and tsunamigenesis on the Sumatran forearc. The Bengkulu earthquake had slip restricted to below 10 km depth, with most slip occurring at 16–40 km depth and reaching a maximum of 6–7 m (Gusman et al. Methodological approach, A Bayesian source model for the 2004 great Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Sustained petascale performance of seismic simulations with SeisSol on SuperMUC, Supercomputing. Use appropriate media player to utilize captioning. 4 shows Δb at t = 102 s. Snapshots of the simulated tsunami wave-field are shown in Fig. 2008). 2016; Uphoff et al. For example, scenarios of the 2004 Sumatra–Andaman earthquake with up to 220 million element meshes and order 6 accuracy in space and time ran in 13.9 hr on the SuperMUC phase2 supercomputer (86 016 cores) at the Leibniz Supercomputing Centre in Garching, Germany (Uphoff et al. Sea surface height (ssh) from the tsunami sourced by the subduction-initialized earthquake in Scenario C along y = 0 at (a) the end of the earthquake, (b) the approximate time of first inundation and (c) the approximate time of maximum inundation. Over the last two decades, two giant tsunamis generated by megathrust earthquakes of >Mw 9 (the 2004 Sumatra–Andaman and 2011 Tohoku earthquakes) caused extensive damage to low-lying areas along the Indian Ocean and the Pacific coast of the Japanese mainland. If that were a lottery, most people would play the odds. The last earthquake that occurred in this fault was on January 26, 1700, with an estimated 9.0 magnitude. Alternatively, adjusting the subduction model itself to be region specific, for example to the Japan trench, would provide more direct constraints on fault geometry and other initial conditions. Our mission is to advance awareness and understanding of seismology For both scenarios, using the time-independent displacements in place of the time-dependent displacements in the tsunami source results in later arrival at the coast, but faster coastal inundation. Kame et al. 0~\mathrm{km} & \text{otherwise,} \end{array}\right. A constant velocity of 7.5 cm yr–1 is applied to a small box inside the subducting plate to initiate and sustain subduction. In 2-D coupling by van Zelst et al. A ‘scenario’ refers to the results achieved by a computational model according to a specific physical model. We note that the seafloor displacements in both scenarios differ less than the slip, partially explaining this contrast. 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