[30] Justice Project Pakistan, Email to DPW, Mar. [16] Amnesty International also reported 87 executions in 2016. Human Rights Council, Summary Prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, in accordance with paragraph 15(C) of the Annex to Human Rights Council Resolution 5/1, para. [14] U.N.G.A., 71st Session, Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms, paras. [9] U.N.G.A. Because only a about a third of births in Pakistan are registered, it is likely that juveniles continue to be sentenced to death in Pakistan, [26] and not all jurisdictions in Pakistan are in compliance with the law that prohibits sentences of death on offenders under the age of 18 at the time of the crime. For a few days prior to execution, a condemned prisoner is kept in solitary confinement except for a few hours the day before execution, when the prisoner is permitted to visit with family. [21] An expert we consulted is aware of a Norwegian in Punjab, a British national in Sindh, and some foreign African women of unknown nationality on death row in various locations. 8, 2007.. [29] Pakistan Penal Code, as amended by Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 2006, sec. Shooting: Also a very … [11] Dawn, Pakistan’s vote ‘inaccurately recorded’ in favour of resolution seeking moratorium on executions: FO, https://www.dawn.com/news/1452170, Dec. 18, 2018. 11, 2010. The 2004 United Nations Arab Human Development Report (AHDR) claimed that although Arab-Islamic tradition does hold unique importance for ideas of human welfare, History has proven that "they were not sufficiently prevalent in society to foster a culture based on a political contract, and allow for the legitimacy of differences of opinion, dialogue and transfer of power." [11] Attempting to harm railway passengers such as by explosion or derailment is punishable by death. This allows the a judge to pronounce a death sentence for aggravated murder even if the victim’s family agrees to pardon the offender. [9] The government does not typically provide official figures. [15] Intl. [11], The government does not typically provide official figures. [30] U.N.G.A., 62nd Session, Note Verbale dated 11 January 2008, U.N. Doc. [4] Sultana Noon, affiliated with Reprieve, revision notes to DPW, DPW Pakistan Doc. 2 of 1997, sec. A/69/488/Add.2, Dec. 8, 2014. 28, 2011. [23] Zainab Mahboob, affiliated with Justice Project Pakistan, email to DPW, DPW Pakistan Doc. The death penalty is a legal punishment in India, and is permissible for some crimes under the country’s main substantive penal legislation, the Indian Penal Code, 1860, as well as other laws. [42] An experienced Pakistani defense attorney and member of the Human Rights Commission has commented that lawyers typically do no investigation prior to trial, are not involved during the prosecution’s pre-trial investigation, may be restricted from calling defense witnesses due to the requirement that any defense witness have a statement immediately recorded with investigators (despite the fact that defense attorneys are typically not involved during investigation), and psychological examinations are often not introduced during sentencing. Updated 08 Oct, 2019 02:14pm. [9] Pakistan Penal Code, as amended by Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 2006, sec. [email protected] for Human Rights, Pakistan: A Historical Breakthrough in the Fight Against the Death Penalty, http://www.fidh.org/IMG/article_PDF/article_a5767.pdf, Jul. 10, 2019. The last execution is understood to have been done by way of hanging and took place in the capital city of PNG, Port Moresby, in November 1954. 16-17, U.N. Doc. The Pakistan Penal Code contains 27 different offenses punishable by death, including blasphemy, rape, [15] sexual intercourse outside of marriage, assault on the modesty of women, and smuggling of drugs. 171, Dec. 16, 1966, http://treaties.un.org/Pages/ViewDetails.aspx?src=TREATY&mtdsg_no=IV-4&chapter=4&lang=en, last accessed Dec. 2, 2010. 12, 1973, translation compiled by Zartash Uzmi and Shehzaad Nakhoda, 2008. Capital punishment’s origin in Armenia is unknown, yet it remained present in the Armenia Criminal Code of 1961, which was enforced and applied until 1999. The most recent executions in India took place in March 2020, when the four men convicted of the gangrape and gangrape and murder of two young women in Delhi in December 2012 were hanged in the Tihar Prison Complex in Delhi. 8, 2007 [37] Pakistan Public Defender and Legal Aid Office Ordinance, Act No. Capital punishment in Pakistan News and Updates from The Economictimes.com. Central Jail, Lahore [20] South Asia Terrorism Portal, Lashkar-e-Jhangvi, Terrorist Group of Pakistan, http://www.satp.org/satporgtp/countries/pakistan/terroristoutfits/lej.htm, updated Jul. Intl. [21] Pakistan The Offense of Zina (Enforcement of Hudood) Ordinance, as amended by the Protection of Women (Criminal Laws Amendment) Act of 2006, sec. Fed. 13, U.N. Doc. 23, 2013. 18-19, U.N. Doc. [6] Amnesty Intl., Juvenile Injustice in Pakistan: Child Offenders Facing Execution in Violation of National and International Law, p. 4, ACT/30/019/2005, Aug. 31, 2005. [10], The government does not typically provide official figures. 23, 2010. Human Rights Coucil, Written statement submitted by the Asian Legal Resource Centre (ALRC), a non-governmental organization in general consultative status, p. 2-3, U.N. Doc. The Supreme Court makes a few of its decisions available at http://www.supremecourt.gov.pk/web/page.asp?id=103, and a special section on “important human rights cases” available at http://www.supremecourt.gov.pk/web/page.asp?id=429. 24, http://af.org.pk/PDF/Newsletters/Issue%2024%20apr%20jun%2008.pdf, Apr.-Jun. 21, 2010. Murder is an example of a crime deemed as a major violation of most religious doctrines, and is punishable by death in many countries including Pakistan. http://www.hrcp-web.org/default.asp, Justice Project Pakistan 11, 2010; Intl. 8, 2007. Authorities may also segregate persons who are affiliated with terrorist or radical religious organizations. 368(1), Jul. 65, Oct. 6, 1860. A/HRC/WG.6/2/PAK/2, Apr. [3] Reports indicate that the Supreme Court and Federal Shari’at Court have applied Islamic law to limit death-eligible defendants’ rights and protections under the Constitution. [12] Justice Project Pakistan, Email to DPW, Dec. 13, 2017. 12, 1973, translation compiled by Zartash Uzmi and Shehzaad Nakhoda, 2008. [13] Pakistan Railways Act, as amended through 1996, sec. of State, 2009 Human Rights Report: Pakistan, Denial of Fair Public Trial, http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2009/sca/136092.htm, Mar. 338, Act No. Capital punishment in Sudan is legal under Article 27 of the Sudanese Criminal Act 1991. [17] Pakistan Penal Code, as amended by Criminal Laws Amendment Act of 2006, secs. [28] Reports indicate that a low proportion of minority religion individuals have been sentenced to death in Pakistan in recent years. 65, Oct. 6, 1860; Pakistan Code of Criminal Procedure, as amended by Act No. Fed. 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